5.9J: Society in the Industrial Age

team (2)

AP Theme

Social Interactions and Organization

Learning Objective 5J

Explain how industrialization caused change in existing social hierarchies and standards of living.

Historical Development 1

New social classes, including the middle class and the industrial working class, developed.

Historical Development 2

While women and often children in working class families typically held wage-earning jobs to supplement their families’ income, middle-class women were increasingly limited to roles in the household or roles focused on child development.

Historical Development 3

The rapid urbanization that accompanied global capitalism led to challenges, including pollution, poverty, increased crime, public health crises, housing shortages, and insufficient infrastructure to accommodate urban growth.